90 Miles From Tyranny : On July 20, 1969, Aliens Invaded The Moon...

Saturday, April 28, 2018

On July 20, 1969, Aliens Invaded The Moon...

Apollo 11
Buzz salutes the U.S. Flag.jpg
Buzz Aldrin salutes the deployed United States flag during the EVA on the lunar surface.
Mission typeManned lunar landing
  • CSM: 1969-059A
  • LM: 1969-059C
  • CSM: 4039
  • LM: 4041
Mission duration8 days, 3 hours, 18 minutes, 35 seconds
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass100,756 pounds (45,702 kg)
Landing mass10,873 pounds (4,932 kg)
Crew size3
Start of mission
Launch dateJuly 16, 1969, 13:32:00 UTC
RocketSaturn V SA-506
Launch siteKennedy Space Center LC-39A
End of mission
Recovered byUSS Hornet
Landing dateJuly 24, 1969, 16:50:35 UTC[1]
Landing siteNorth Pacific Ocean
13°19′N 169°9′W[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemSelenocentric
Periselene100.9 kilometers (54.5 nmi)[2]
Aposelene122.4 kilometers (66.1 nmi)[2]
Inclination1.25 degrees[2]
Period2 hours[2]
EpochJuly 19, 1969, 21:44 UTC[2]
Lunar orbiter
Spacecraft componentCommand/Service Module
Orbital insertionJuly 19, 1969, 17:21:50 UTC[3]
Orbital departureJuly 22, 1969, 04:55:42 UTC[3]
Lunar lander
Spacecraft componentLunar Module
Landing dateJuly 20, 1969, 20:18:04 UTC[4]
Return launchJuly 21, 1969, 17:54 UTC
Landing siteMare Tranquillitatis
0.67408°N 23.47297°E[5]
Sample mass21.55 kilograms (47.51 lb)
Surface EVAs1
EVA duration2 hours, 31 minutes 40 seconds
Docking with LM
Docking dateJuly 16, 1969, 16:56:03 UTC[3]
Undocking dateJuly 20, 1969, 17:44:00 UTC[3]
Docking with LM ascent stage
Docking dateJuly 21, 1969, 21:35:00 UTC[3]
Undocking dateJuly 21, 1969, 23:41:31 UTC[3]
Circular insignia: Eagle with wings outstretched holds olive branch on Moon with Earth in background, in blue and gold border.
Three astronauts in spacesuits without helmets sitting in front of a large photo of the Moon.
Left to right: Neil ArmstrongMichael CollinsBuzz Aldrin
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Apollo 12 →
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon. Mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin, both American, landed the lunar module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC. Armstrong became the first human to step onto the lunar surface six hours after landing on July 21 at 02:56:15 UTC; Aldrin joined him about 20 minutes later. They spent about two and a quarter hours together outside the spacecraft, and collected 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) of lunar material to bring back to Earth. Michael Collinspiloted the command module Columbia alone in lunar orbit while they were on the Moon's surface. Armstrong and Aldrin spent just under a day on the lunar surface before rejoining Columbia in lunar orbit.
Apollo 11 was launched by a Saturn V rocket from Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16 at 9:32 am EDT (13:32 UTC) and was the fifth manned mission of NASA's Apollo program. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts: a command module (CM) with a cabin for the three astronauts, and the only part that returned to Earth; a service module (SM), which supported the command module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen, and water; and a lunar module (LM) that had two stages – a descent stage for landing on the Moon, and an ascent stage to place the astronauts back into lunar orbit.
After being sent to the Moon by the Saturn V's third stage, the astronauts separated the spacecraft from it and traveled for three days until they entered into lunar orbit. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved into the lunar module Eagleand landed in the Sea of Tranquility. They stayed a total of about 21.5 hours on the lunar surface. The astronauts used Eagle's upper stage to lift off from the lunar surface and rejoin Collins in the command module. They jettisoned Eaglebefore they performed the maneuvers that blasted them out of lunar orbit on a trajectory back to Earth. They returned to Earth and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on July 24 after more than eight days in space.
The landing was broadcast on live TV to a worldwide audience. Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface and described the event as "one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind." Apollo 11 effectively ended the Space Race and fulfilled a national goal proposed in 1961 by U.S. President John F. Kennedy: "before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth."[6]

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